Research-ready compilation of all-hazards operational data 1999-2020. These situation-reporting data can be used to relate large-fire activity to weather, fuel treatment activities, firefighting response, and a range of socioeconomic impacts.

ICS-209-PLUS is a science-grade dataset mined from the public archive (1999–2020) of the US National Incident Management System Incident Status Summary (ICS-209) forms (a total of 187,160 reports for 35,170 incidents, including 34,478 wildland fires). This system captures detailed daily/regular information on incident development and response, including social and economic impacts. Most (98.4%) reports are wildland fire-related, with other incident types including hurricane, hazardous materials, flood, tornado, search and rescue, civil unrest, and winter storms. The archive, although publicly available, has been difficult to use for research due to multiple record formats, inconsistent data entry, and no clean pathway from individual reports to high-level incident analysis.

Researchers used open-source, reproducible methods to produce a research-ready version of the ICS-209 data, including formal connections made to other published wildland fire data products. Among other applications, this integrated and spatially augmented dataset enables exploration of the daily progression of the most costly, damaging, and deadly environmental-hazard events in recent US history.

Related project:

U.S. Wildfires


Key metrics derived from daily ICS-209 reports for the 2013 Rim Fire in California.

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All-hazards dataset mined from the US National Incident Management System 1999-2020


St. Denis, Lise A.; Short, Karen C.; McConnell, Kathryn; Cook, Maxwell C.; Mietkiewicz, Nathan P.; Buckland, Mollie; Balch, Jennifer K. 2023. All-hazards dataset mined from the US National Incident Management System 1999-2020. Scientific Data. 10: 112.