Once typically constrained to summer months, wildfire season is beginning earlier and ending later each year. HD Research Forester Erin Belval led a new study to visualize resource use during late-season fire response. Co-authored by FFS Research Ecologist Karen Short, HD Ecologist Crystal Stonesifer, and HD Research Forester David Calkin, “A Historical Perspective to Inform Strategic Planning for 2020 End-of-Year Wildland Fire Response Efforts” projects an overview of crew, engine, aerial, and dozer resource use for late-season fire response efforts. Their findings reveal a disparity between the demand for resources and the availability of these resources for late-season fires. This gap between resource demand and availability will likely continue to grow with lengthening fire seasons.