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Physical Fire Processes

Research Brief Description
Burning Rate

Understanding burning rate and residence time of porous fuel beds using wood cribs

Camp Swift research burns

The overall goal for the project is to evaluate the Wildland-Urban Interface Fire Dynamics Simulator (WFDS), a physics-based fire behavior model, using data collected in a full-scale prescribed fire setting.

Clearance Distances

Flames and smoke from wildland fire can increase the possibility of phase-to-phase, phase-to-tower, or phase-to-ground faults that could lead to subsequent power outages and electrocution risk to humans.

Climate Change on Global Fire Danger

Wildfires occur at the intersection of dry weather, available fuel, and ignition sources. Weather is the most variable and largest driver of regional burned area.

Convective Ignition

Convective Ignition of Forest Fuels

Describing Wildland Fuels

Describing and Scaling Physio-chemical Properties of Live and Dead Fuels to Parameterize Physics-based Fire Behavior Models

Dry Lightning Strikes

Mapping potential dry lightning strikes

Evaluating Fuel Treatment Effectiveness

Using STANDFIRE to test whether fuel treatments are effective in changing fire behavior

Fire Whirl Research Understanding fire whirl genesis and impacts to firefighter safety
Firefighter Safety

Perhaps one of the most critical decisions made by firefighters during daily fire management operations is the identification of suitable safety zones.

Fires in Northern Eurasia

Impacts of Black Carbon from Fires in Northern Eurasia


Often fires are managed to support or reduce the presence of specific plant species or sizes. FireStem is a computer model designed to aid fire managers in predicting tree mortality based on fire behavior and intensity.

Flame Structure

Flame Structure in Spreading Laboratory Fires

Foliar Moisture Content

Analyzing the ‘spring dip’ in foliar moisture content and its relationship to crown dire activity in the Great Lakes

Fuel Particle Heat Exchange Examining fuel particle heat exchange experimentally and through the use of numerical modeling.
Fundamental Wildland Fire Spread Research A program of research for understanding how fire spread occurs with a focus on live fuels and active crown fire
Improving firefighter safety

How studies of energy transport are improving wildland firefighter safety zone guidelines.

Mapping and modeling fuels and fire at the Sycan Marsh, Oregon

Mapping, modeling, and connecting fuels and fire behavior effects at the Sycan Marsh, Oregonp

An ongoing research project focused on multi-scale integration of fire and fuel datasets collected before, during, and following management prescribed fires.

Mountain Pine Beetle

Quantifying the Potential Effects of Mountain Pine Beetle on Wildland Fire Behavior

Physics of Fire Spread

Understanding the physics of fire spread

Rifle Bullet Ignition

Rifle Bullets as Ignition Sources for Wildland Fires

RxCadre Project Obtaining integrated, quality-assured fuels, fire, and atmospheric data for development and evaluation of fuels, fire behavior, smoke, and fire effects models
Spring Dip

Physiological Drivers of the ‘Spring Dip’ in Red Pine and Jack Pine Foliar Moisture Content and Its Relationship to Crown Fire in the Great Lakes

Surface Wind Measurements

There is a lack of high resolution measurements of wind speed and direction with which to test wind model accuracy. This project is directed at collecting needed data sets in mountainous terrain.

Surface Wind Modeling High resolution surface wind modeling in support of fire management
Wildfire Ignition from Exploding Targets

Tests of Wildfire Ignition from Exploding Targets


WindNinja is a computer program that computes spatially varying wind fields for wildland fire application.


Microscale wind simulator using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software.